Jesus was asked which is the greatest commandment, he cited a passage from
Deuteronomy 6 as the fundamental and first tenet of Scripture. In this Study
Commentary, John Currid shows that the purpose of Deuteronomy is to teach the
people of God how to behave in every area of life. And the two main principles
of that teaching are to fear God and obey his commandments.
his own translation from the original Hebrew. Dr. John Currid ably demonstrates
that the book of Deuteronomy is an official document ratifying the formal
covenant relationship between God as the sovereign King and his covenant people,
Israel. At the close of the forty years of wandering in the wilderness, and on
the eye of the entry into the promised land, Moses summons the Israelites to a
solemn reaffirmation and ratification of the covenant first made at Sinai and
promises great blessings to the people if only they will remain faithful to the
covenant and obey God's Word.
too need to remember that God has made a covenant with the church. And,
therefore, we need to ask the question: "What does Yahweh your God ask from
you?" The answer is found in Deuteronomy: we need to fear God; we need to walk
in his way; we need to love him; we need to serve him; and we need to keep his
commandments. And, like Israel of old, if we live in obedience to the Word of
God then we shall be wise and understanding and, indeed, God will greatly bless
his people if they obey his Word.
John D. Currid is Carl McMurray Professor of Old Testament at the Reformed
Seminary in Jackson Mississippi. He received his PhD degree in archaeology from
the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago. He has several books in
print, including the Study Commentaries on Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and
Numbers in this series and volumes on Ruth Habakkuk, and Ecclesiastes in the
Welwyn Commentary Series.